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  • TTULO Ancient GreeFH

    NIVEL LINGSTICO SEGN MCER

    A.2.1

    IDIOMA Ingls

    REA/ MATERIA Ciencias sociales

    NCLEO TEMTICO Antigua Grecia

    GUON TEMTICO

    El tema trata de los principales aspectos sobre Grecia , el resto de los aspectos ser tratado en ingls con un mtodo ms expositivo con la ayuda siempre de power points , donde el interaccin oral del alumno ser siempre esencial

    FORMATO PDF CORRESPONDENCIA CURRICULAR (etapa, curso)

    1 ESO

    AUTORA Gins Garca Gmez

    TEMPORALIZACIN APROXIMADA

    Sesin 1 Warming up and Greece Location Sesin 2 Greek Cities : Polis and their economy Sesin 3 - History of Greece and Politic Systems Sesin 4 Greek Society Sesin 5 - Greek Religion and Arts Sesin 6- Doing Final project Sesin 7 Exposicin de Trabajos Sesin 8- What I have learned?

    COMPETENCIAS BSICAS

    Cultural y artstica: Conocer y valorar las manifestaciones

    arquitectnicas y la evolucin de la escultura , su importancia y los principales estilos.

    Tratamiento de informacin digital: Buscar , obtener y tratar informacin de la observacin directa e indirecta de la realidad, as como d de fuentes escritas, audiovisuales

    Distinguir en la informacin los aspectos relevantes y los que no lo son , relacionar y comparar fuentes e integrar y analizar la informacin de forma crtica

    Comunicacin Lingstica; Adquirir un vocabulario especfico d e la materia

    Aprender a aprender ; Desarrollar estrategias para pensar , organizar , memorizar y recuperar informacin tales como resmenes, esquemas, mapas conceptuales y realizacin de los ejercicios.

    Localizacin geogrfica; de Grecia y sus polis. Pensamiento social, A travs de las artes, filosofa y teatro

    OBSERVACIONES

    Todos estos ejercicios estarn complementados por unas breves y a la vez esenciales exposiciones orales por parte del profesor donde la multimedia y la interaccin con el alumnado sern esenciales , en su mayor parte tambin en ingls salvo momentos de especial dificultad

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 2

  • OBJETIVOS DE ETAPA CONTENIDOS

    DE CURSO/CICLO

    TEMA O SUBTEMA

    MODELOS DISCURSIVOS

    TAREAS CONTENIDOS LINGSTICOS

    CRITERIOS DE EVALUACIN

    1-Conocer las etapas de la historia de

    Grecia.

    2-Comprender y definir que era una

    polis griega 3 -Diferenciar las formas de gobierno

    de la Grecia clsica

    4-Valorar positivamente la democracia.

    5-Analizar la vida en una polis griega.

    6-Promover la igualdad entre gneros 7-Valorar y analizar la diversidad

    cultural en el Imperio de A. Magno

    8- Valorar las aportaciones de la

    cultura griega .El Teatro. 9-Conocer el politesmo griego.

    10 -Reconocer y respetar el

    patrimonio artstico griego. 11- Obtener y procesar informacin

    bsica procedente de diferentes

    fuentes.

    1-Localizacin del

    mundo Griego. La Polis

    2-Historia de Grecia. El camino hacia la democracia

    3-La multiculturalidad en el Imperio de Alejandro Magno

    4-La mujer y los esclavos en la sociedad griega

    5-La moneda en la economa griega.

    6-Los dioses griegos

    7-El origen de nuestra civilizacin .El teatro(Comedia y tragedia)

    8-El Arte griego

    Civilizacin Griega

    Analizar Secuenciar Temporalizar Clasificar Comparar Definir Describir Explicar Elaborar Dialogar Debatir Ejemplificar

    Tarea preparatoria Pre-tareas: Trabajos con vocabulario con nubes de palabras, match entre palabra y definicin o entre palabra imagen , tormenta de ideas sopa de letras Tareas: Listenings con fill in blanks , Localizacin de lugares en mapas, comentarios de texto simples , Verdadero o falso, creando definiciones, lnea del tiempo Pos-tareas Jigsaw Reading workshet , diarios narraciones.. Projecto final

    FUNCIONES: -Definicin: el alumno ha de ser capaz de redactar definiciones. It`s a place where. It`s a thing that -Narracin: Saber contar los hechos histricos de manera lgica, con orden y precisin. First of all, Some days later Eventually, at last. -Expresar opinin: al resto de sus compaeros, con respeto y orden. I think that I would say that I disagree

    1111----Situar en el Situar en el Situar en el Situar en el

    espacio y el tiempo espacio y el tiempo espacio y el tiempo espacio y el tiempo

    la civilizacin la civilizacin la civilizacin la civilizacin

    helena.helena.helena.helena.

    2- Definir el Definir el Definir el Definir el

    trmino trmino trmino trmino polis polis polis polis y y y y

    entender su entender su entender su entender su

    significado.significado.significado.significado.

    3- Distinguir y Distinguir y Distinguir y Distinguir y

    comparar comparar comparar comparar gobierno gobierno gobierno gobierno

    demdemdemdemocrtico de ocrtico de ocrtico de ocrtico de

    AtenasAtenasAtenasAtenas

    conconconcon gobierno gobierno gobierno gobierno

    oligrquico de oligrquico de oligrquico de oligrquico de

    EspartaEspartaEspartaEsparta y otras y otras y otras y otras

    dictaduras dictaduras dictaduras dictaduras ....

    4- Identificar los Identificar los Identificar los Identificar los

    rasgos ms rasgos ms rasgos ms rasgos ms

    destacados de la destacados de la destacados de la destacados de la

    vida en las polis vida en las polis vida en las polis vida en las polis

    griegasgriegasgriegasgriegas ....Sociedad, Sociedad, Sociedad, Sociedad,

    moneda moneda moneda moneda

    5- Conocer y Conocer y Conocer y Conocer y

    valorar la Religin valorar la Religin valorar la Religin valorar la Religin

    griega griega griega griega ....

    6666----Solicitar Solicitar Solicitar Solicitar

    informacin al informacin al informacin al informacin al

    profesor profesor profesor profesor y y y y

    elaborar en grupos elaborar en grupos elaborar en grupos elaborar en grupos

    una pequea una pequea una pequea una pequea

    comedia griega .comedia griega .comedia griega .comedia griega .

    7- Caracterizar, Caracterizar, Caracterizar, Caracterizar,

    respetar y valorar respetar y valorar respetar y valorar respetar y valorar

    el arte griego.el arte griego.el arte griego.el arte griego.

    ESTRUCTURAS: -What`s it like? What`s the Spanish word for? -Once upon a time, Some time ago -It seems that Sorry to interrupt you but...

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 3

  • LXICO: Polis,scrolls Competition Olympic games Democracy Citizen, Column Livestock, Democracy Ostracism Apella ,Aristocracy Gynoecium Sculpture Comedy

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 4

  • WARMING UP

    LOOK AT THESE FOUR PICTURES:

    TheOlympicgames,NowadaysParthenonAncientParthenon,Violentcurrentstrike

    TALK WITH YOUR PARTNER AND THEN TELL YOUR ANSWERS TO THE REST OF YOUR CLASSMATES.

    ANCIENT GREECE

    Describeeverypicturetakingintoaccountwhatyouarewatching. DoyouKnowanythingabouttheOlympicgames?Tellusaboutit. Couldyoutelluswhatkindofcompetitionstherewereintheancient

    games? Whatdifferencesaretherebetweenthesecondandthethirdpictures? Doyouthinkitsagoodideatorebuildthisbuilding? WhatshappeninginGreecenow?Canyouexplainitwithyourown

    words? Whichwordisnotolympic?

    winnercompetitionteamcheatingfriendshipeffortfun

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 5

  • FIRST SESSION

    1 . PRETASK:

    1.1.LEARN SOME VOCABULARY

    1.2-YOU HAVE TO USE SOME OF THESE TERMS. MATCH THEM TO

    THE DEFINITIONS BELOW..

    1Democracy

    2Dorian

    3Peloponnese

    4Fishing

    5olives

    6Sparta

    7Civilization

    8Creta

    9Hellenes

    10Olympia

    11AegeanSea

    12Sanctuary

    1ItisthelargestoftheGreekislands.ItscapitalwasKnossos.ItistheoriginoftheMinoanCivilization(3.0001450B.C)

    2ReligiousplacewhereGreekprayedtoGods.ThemostimportantisTheDelos.

    3AncientGreekpersonwholivedinHellasorGreece.

    4InteriorSeaofGreecewheretherearealotofislandssuchasLesbosanditsurroundsthecoastsofTheAttica,Thessaly,IonianRegion,theStraightofCorinthortheHalicarnassusorMiletuspoleis.

    5AdemocracyisanAthensssystemwherepeoplecandecidehowtheircountryorcommunityrunswithavote.

    6PoliswheretheOlympiadwaseveryfouryears.

    7EthnicgroupwholivedinGreeceandtheywerecalledGreek.

    8Ideas,sciences,arts,beliefsthatcharacterizeagroup,suchasapeopleornation.

    9ThemaineconomicactivityinGreecetogetherwithAgricultureandTrade.

    10ThemainPeninsulainGreecewhereislocatedinpolissuchasMycenae.

    11Poliswhichwasgovernedbyanaristocracysystem.

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 6

  • 1.3-LISTEN TO THIS TEXT AND FILL IN THE BLANKS

    1.4. LOCATE THE GEOGRAPHICAL SITES AND THE PLACES NAMED IN THE

    TEXT ABOVE ON THE MAP BELOW.

    DuringtheArchaicAge,acivilizationcalledtheGreeksexisted.ItwaslocatedintheEasternMediterraneanSea,inzonessuchasthe,nearthestraitofCorinthandbetweentheseaandthesea.TheylivedinislandssuchasandCrete.TheancientnameofGreecewasHellas,whichmeanslandofthe.AmongtheGreek,thereweretheandtheAchaeansor,theinhabitantsofthecityofMycenae.Theircitieswereveryimportantcentersofgovernmentandlaw,theywerecalled,wellknownnamesareandAthens,andwerefirstgovernedbyanofthewealthiestinhabitants;later,theywerereplacedbyassembliesofcitizensandThesepeoplelikedandtradedthroughtheseaalot.Inland,theyworkedinagricultureandgrew.Althoughtheylivedinseparatedislands,theyhadthesamelanguageandreligion.TheyprayedtoalotofGods,wholivedonMountandbuiltthemorritualplacesinislandssuchas

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 7

  • 1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 8

    2. TASK

    2.1 READ THE TEXTS

    TheGreekCitystate,orPolis,isarguablythegreatestpoliticalsystemevercreatedremarkablegivenitsappearancesome2800yearsago.TheGreekssuccessfullybuiltasystemtodefendthosemostwantedhumandesiresfreedomandequality,andtheireffortshavehadaninfluenceonwesternthinkingsincetheHellenicculturewasrediscovered.

    ButthePoliswasmuchmorethanagovernmentalsystem.Itwasaculturebuiltaroundtheexpansionofthehumanintellectthroughphilosophy,architecture...ThePoliswastheengineofthislifestylebecauseitvaluedandencourageditsimprovement.So,IthinkthedevelopmentofthePolisasapoliticalsystemisoneofthemostimportantinfluenceinmodernwesternsociety,artandculture.

    TOBEA CITIZENOFACITYSTATE:TheancientGreeksreferredtothemselvesascitizensoftheirindividualcitystates.Eachcitystate(polis)haditsown

    personality,goals,lawsandcustoms.AncientGreekswereveryloyaltotheircitystate.

    Thecitystateshadmanythingsincommon.Theyallbelievedinthesamegods.Theyallspokethesamelanguage.

    IfyouaskedanancientGreekwherehewasfrom,hewouldntsay,"IliveinGreece."IfheisfromSparta,heanswers,"IamaSpartan."IfhelivesinAthens,hesays,"IamAthenian."Butthecitystatesmaybandtogethertofightacommonfoe.Theywillalsogotowarwitheachother.Greecewasntonecountryyet.AncientGreecewasacollectionofGreekcitystatesandtherewasnocentralgovernment.

    Eachcitystatehaditsownformofgovernment.Somecitystates,likeCorinth,wereruledbykings.Some,likeSparta,wereruledbyasmallgroupofmen.Others,likeAthens,experimentedwithnewformsofgovernment.Sometimesthesecity

    statescooperated,sometimestheyfoughteachother.

    Eachpoliswasmadeupofacityandthesurroundinglandandvillages.Ithadtwoparts:

    Upperpart(acropolis):Acitadelcontainingthemainreligiousbuildings.

    Lowerpart:anareawithhousing,publicbuildingsandshopsorganizedaroundasquare,oragorathepeopleinthisplacespeakaboutpolicy.

  • 2.2 ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS:

    a)Can you name the most important features of the polis?

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    b) Why does the text say the is one of the most important influence in modern western society? Do you think Greece is the base of our current lifestyle?

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    c) What do you think about the Greek nationalism of the polis? Do you think it is similar to Spanish nationalisms, such as Basque nationalism? Why?

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    d) Imagine that you are a Greek and you are in the Agora in this moment, Write a monologue about the current political situation in Greece or in Spain.

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    Youcanuse:

    Firstofall,Generallyspeaking, Inmyopinion,Maybe, Asyouknow,Needlesstosay.

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 9

  • 2.3 INTERACT WITH YOUR PARTNER.

    Yesterday,youwereintheAgoraandsaidyourmonologuetoitsaudience.Now,youaregoingtobeginadialoguewithyourclassmateaboutanissuechosenbyyouboth,suchastheeconomicsituationofourcountry,ifitisabeautifulplacetotravelandwhy.

    Writethedialogueinthespaceprovidedbelow.Youcanusethefollowingphrases.

    Itseemsthat.,Idon`tagreewithyou,but..,

    MaybebutActually,infact.,

    SorrytointerruptyoubutIthink,Anyway,whatI`mtryingtosayis..

    Themostproblemis..,Thebestofthisis,theworstofthisis..

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 10

  • 2.4 LOOK AT THESE PHOTOS. DESCRIBE THEM ORALLY AND WRITE A

    SUMMARY ABOUT THE GREEK ECONOMY.

    1TheAgricultureinAncientGreecewasbasedon..

    2ThelivestockinAncientGreecewasbasedon

    3ThefishinginancientGreecewasthemost..

    4Thecoinwasinventedby..

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 11

  • 2.5- UNDERSTANDING THE TEXT. ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE. WHY?

    1. Greece was a unique nation.

    2. The Polis were created 2800 years ago.

    3. The Polis didn`t do anything for the spiritual part of the human being.

    4. Spartans felt truly Greek when they were asked where they were from.

    5. Greece hadn`t got a central government and all the Polis had the same ways of government.

    6. The upper part or Acropolis was the religious part.

    7.The most important economic activity in Ancient Greece was livestock.

    8. Although they felt friends, sometimes they fought against each other.

    3. POS-TASK. 3.1. WORK IN PAIRS

    Holidays have just come. You and your classmate are going to start a journey through Ancient Greece, Atlante is a travel agency and it is going to guide you. Tell the rest how, where and why you have chosen these places. You have to tell your classmates what you are going to visit. Look at the map and use all the word-links.

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 12

  • North,East,West,South,Straighton,OntheRight,Ontheleft

    Ilike+ing,Iprefer..to.,Iwanttogo.because,Thatplaceissobeautifulthat.

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 13

  • SECOND SESSION

    1-PRETASK: MATCH THE WORDS TO THE PHOTOS.

    Ekklesia(Citizensassembly)

    Gerousia(elderpeople)

    Army

    Fleet

    Council(Boule)

    Citizens

    Colony

    Merchants

    Lawmaker

    Ephors

    Ostracism

    Apella(ThePopularassembly)

    G

    E

    B

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 14

  • 1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 15

    11

    1.2-Political systems in the Ancient Greece

    Brainstorm

    YoucanseetwodiagramsontwopoliticalsystemsinGreece:above,thepoliticalsystemofSparta;below,thepoliticalsystemofAthens.Readbothandanswerthequestionsaloudwithyourteachershelp.

    1. IsSpartademocratic?Howdoyouknow?2. IsAthensdemocratic?Explain.3. WhochoosestheApella?4. WhochoosestheEkklesia?

    Inmyopinion,Athens.AsfarasIknow,theEphorsIt`sdifficulttosaywhatsystemisbetterbecause..IwouldsaythatSparta..Firstofall,theApella.IdontknowmuchabouttheEkklesiabut..

    TwoKings 5Ephors

    Army

    Slaveswithoutrights

    Gerusia:CounciloftheElder.

    Spartans;citizenswithfullrightsformtheApellaorpopularassembly

    TheyareoppressedbytheSpartans.Theirrightsarecut.

    lead Control Choose Form

    SociopoliticalorganizationofSparta

    Andnow.. WhatcanyousayaboutOstracism?Doyouknow

    whatitreallymeans? Haveeverdoneanythingsimilartoanyofyour

    classmates?

  • Now answer the following questions:

    1. Who governed Athens in the 7th century? 2. Who protested against it? 3. Who held political power in Greece after Solon`s reforms? 4. What does the word democracy mean? 5. What did the Council (Boule) and the magistrates do? 6. Who was the Oligarchy made up by? 7. Who governed the polis? 8. What was the Gerousia? 9. What did the Spartan citizens form? 10. What did Lycurgus do?

    Sparta

    ThepoliticalsystemofSpartawasanoligarchy:powerwasheldbyasmallgroupofpeople.

    TheSpartapoliswasruledbytwokings,twentyeightelders(Gerousia)andfiveofficials(ephors)

    Thekingsperformedcivilandreligiousfunctions.TheGerousiapresentedprojectstothePopularAssembly(Apella),madeupofSpartancitizens.TheEphorsrepresentedtheApella,controlledtheactionsofthekingsandmadesurethelawswereobeyed.

    AccordingtoSpartantradition,LycurgusthelawmakerwrotethelawsthatgovernedSparta.

    Athens

    Inthe7thcenturyB.C.,thepeasantsandothergroupsinthepolisprotestedagainsttheabuseofpowerbythegoverningaristocracy.

    Asaresult,somereformswereintroduced,suchasgivingpoliticalpowertotheCitizensAssembly(Ekklesia).ThisreformwasintroducedbySolontheLawmaker.

    Afteralongprocess,democracy(governmentofthepeople)wasestablishedinAthens.Thecitizensheldpower,votedforlaws,electedpublicrepresentativesanddecidedifthepolisshouldgotowarormakepeacewithitsenemies.

    TheEkklesiaelectedmagistratesandvotedonthelaws.ThemagistratescarriedouttheAssembly`sdecisionsandheldpublicofficeintheAdministrationandintheArmy.ThemembersoftheCouncil(Boule,whopreparedthelawsandworkedwiththeCitizensAssembly,werechosenfromamongthemembersoftheEkklesiabythecastingordrawingoflots.(sorteo)

    2. TASK 2.1. READ AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS;

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 16

  • 2.2-FILL IN THE BLANKS :

    Between the 8th and 6th __________ BC, Greece went through a period of crisis. The Greek population increased considerably, the land was not ________, and there was not enough food for everyone. A small minority of _______ _________ owned most of the land. There were many poor, hungry __________.

    Consequently, many Greeks _________ and founded colonies around the Mediterranean Sea. Migration took place in ___ ________ and in two different periods.

    - To the _____ between 750 and 650 BC, the Greeks settled on the islands and coasts of the _____ Sea; in Sicily, southern Italy, southern France and Libya; And on the _____ ________ of the Iberian Peninsula.

    - To the east after 650BC, colonies were founded _________ the Black Sea.

    The 5th century BC and the first half of the 4th century BC are known as the __________ period. Athens and Sparta were dominant, and there were ________constsntly between them.

    The Persian Wars

    Inthemiddleofthe6thcenturyBC,thePersians,wholivedontheIranian_______inAsia,expandedtheirterritories.TheyconqueredgreekpoleisinAsia________andonnearbyislands.In499BC,these__________rebelled.Othergreekpoleis,ledby

    athens,supportedthem.ThiswasthebeginningofthePersianWars:

    - The first Persian War ended in 490 BC, when the _________ won the Battle of Marathon. - The second Persian War began in 480 BC, when the Persians invaded Greece.

    __________ was destroyed, but the Persians were defeated at the Battle of Salamis.

    After the Persian Wars, athens became the richest and most influential polis. In 447 BC, a union of poleis, called the _______ League. The 5th century BC was the most brilliant _________ in the history of Athens, under its leader Pericles. The economic, political and cultural domination of athens was a threat to other important poleis, such as _______. This led to the _______________ War , which started in 431 BC and ended in 404 BC. Sparta won the war and became the most __________ polis

    Macedonia was a very large _________ in the north of __________.the Macedinians were very strongly influenced by Greek culture and spoke a __________ similar to Greek.

    In the _________ of the 4th century BC, king Philip II of Macedonia set out to conquer the Greek territories. Philip was assassinated, and his son Alexander the Great succeeded him. Alexander continued the __________, and between 334 and 323 BC.

    The spreading of Greek culture and its fusion with ____________ culture is known as ___________.

    Alexander the _______ died before he had organized his huge empire. His generals divided up the territory into kingdoms. These were known as __________ monarquies and included Egypt, Mesopotamia and _______________.

    Text1

    Text2

    Text3

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 17

  • 2.3- READ THE TEXTS AGAIN AND MATCH THEM WITH THESE

    PICTURES. EXPLAIN YOUR CHOICES TO THE REST.

    1

    2

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 18

  • 4

    6

    5

    3

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 19

  • 2.4-TEXT ATTACK. Building a timeline .Complete the chart about the Roman Empire including dates, facts and characters .Use the texts and maps above.

    2. 5- MAKING CLASSIFICATIONS. Classify the following phrases into three categories: ANCIENT GREECE, CLASSICAL GREECE, AND HELLENISM. Write the word after the phrase. Some of the phrases will have more than one answer. _Itwasaperiodofwars._TheGreekculturemergedwiththeorientalwayoflife._Itwasaperiodofcrisis._AthensformedtheDelianleague._Thekingandhissongotahugeempire._WhilemostGreekwerepoor,afewrichlandownersruledthem._OtherGreekpoleisrebelledagainstthedominantAthensandSparta._TheMacedoniansfeltlikeGreek._ManyGreekmigratedandfoundedcolonies.

    Periods Ancient Greece Classical Greece Hellenism Characters

    Facts

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 20

  • 2.6. CREATING DEFINITIONS

    Using the texts above, fill in the gaps to explain these three words which define the history of Greece:

    _Expansion: due to the deep________, the Greek_______ and found______________

    _Splendor: the most ___________period in the Greek history thanks to the _________century leader ________________

    _Hellenism: the moment in which the Greek way of life _________and _________with the oriental _________.

    3. POS-TASK

    In pairs, discuss with your classmates about the Spartan bringing-.up. One of you can be in favor of it and the other against. Write down your conclusions. Finally, read them to the rest of your classmates.

    Read the text and do the exercise.

    TheprimarypurposeofSpartaneducation,and, indeed, ofSpartansocietyasawhole,differedgreatlyfromthatoftheAthenians.TheprimarygoalofSpartaneducationwastoproducegoodsoldiers.Trainingforthemilitarybeganattheageof7,asallSpartanboyslefthometogotomilitaryschools.Fromthenuntilthetimetheywere18,theyweresubjectofharshtraininganddiscipline.HistoricalaccountstellofSpartanboysasbeingallowednoshoes,veryfewclothes,andbeingtaughttotakepridein,enduringpainandhardship.Whentheywereadolescentandteenageyears,Spartanboyswererequiredtobecomeproficientinallmannerofmilitaryactivities.Theyweretaughtboxing,swimming,wrestling,javelinthrowing,anddiscusthrowing.Theyweretrainedtohardenthemselvestotheelements.Attheageof18,Spartanboyshadtogooutintotheworldandstealtheirfood.Gettingcaughtwouldresultinharshpunishment,includingflogging,whichwasusuallyapracticereservedonlyforslaves.Theconceptwasthatasoldiermustlearnstealthandcunning.

    Attheage20,Spartanmenhadtopassaseriesofdemandingtestsofphysicalprowessandleadershipabilities.ThosethatpassedbecamemembersoftheSpartanmilitary,andlivedinbarrackswiththeothersoldiers.Theywereallowedtotakeawife,buttheyweren'tallowedtolivewithher.Attheageof30,theybecamefullcitizensofSparta,providedtheyhadservedhonorably.Theywererequiredtocontinueservingthemilitary,however,untiltheywere60.

    UnliketheirAtheniancounterparts,Spartangirlsalsowenttoschoolatseven.There,theylearnedgymnastics,wrestling,anddidcalisthenics.TheseschoolsweresimilarinmanywaystotheschoolsSpartanboysattended,asitwastheSpartanopinionthatstrongwomenproducedstrongbabies,whichwouldthengrowintostrongsoldierstoservethestate.Whilenowonderfulworksofartorliteratureevercameofthissystem,itdidaccomplishtheSpartangoalofproducingelitesoldiers.TheSpartanmilitarywasntuniversallyaccepted,buttheywereuniversallyrespected.

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 21

  • THIRD SESSION

    1-PRETASK

    1.1.Do this word-search puzzle.

    1.2 MATCH THE WORDS ABOVE TO THE FOLLOWING DEFINITIONS:

    ForeignersinAthenswholackedpoliticalrightsalthoughtheycouldjointheArmyandbuygoods.Theypaidspecialtaxes.

    Iagree.

    Ilike..

    Ipreferbecause

    Thebestideaisbecause

    Ithink

    Idontthink..

    Idisagree..

    Idontlike.

    Idontpreferbecause

    Ithinkthisisabadideabecause

    Ithink

    Idontthink

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 22

  • Theycouldbefreeorslavesbutinanycase,theyalwayshadtobeguardedbyaman,eithertheirfatherorhusband.

    TheseGreekcouldvote,beelectedandevenparticipateinthepoliticallife.TheyweretheAristocracy,themerchantsandthefarmers.

    Itemofclothesthatwaslikeaheavycloakorcoat.

    ForeignpeopleinSpartawholackedpoliticalrightsalthoughtheycouldjointheArmyandbuygoods.Theypaidspecialtaxes.

    TheroomreservedformenintheAthenianhouses.

    Thelongtunicwornbywomenandgatheredatthewaistwithabelt.

    Thosethatlackedpoliticalrightsbecausetheywereforeigners.

    TheroomreservedforwomenintheAthenianhouses,fromwhichtheyhardlyemerged.

    ThenamegiventothelinentunicthattheGreekmencommonlywore.

    ThoseGreekwhowerenofree,butthepropertyofafamily.Theywereusuallyprisonersofwar.

    1.3 LISTEN AND FILL IN THE BLANKS IN THIS TEXT TO KNOW MORE ABOUT

    THE GREEK SOCIETY.

    AnUnequalSociety.

    Firstofall,theGreek______wasdividedintotwogroups.OnlymenwhoseparentswerebothAtheniancouldbecitizensandparticipatein_______withfullrights.Ontheotherhand,mostofthepeoplewere__________andlackedpoliticalrights.Foreignerswerealsononcitizens.Theypaidspecialtaxesbutcouldgotothegym,jointheArmyandbuygoods.Slavesweretheleastimportantandwereprisonersofwaraswellasslaveschildren.

    TheGreek________couldn`tparticipateinthepoliticallife.ApartoftheAthenian_______,called_________,wasreservedforwomenonlyandtheyhardlyemergedfromit.Therichwomenwereso__________thatiftheybecamewidowstheireldestsonbecametheirguardian.Thepoorwomenworkedinthefarmandsoldgoodsinthemarket.

    However,_______womenhadmorefreedomandtheycouldattendgames,evenparticipateinthe_____________.

    2.1 TASK: INVESTIGATE LIFE IN ATHENS.

    2.1.1.Find the answers to the questions below on the website www.bbc.co.uk/schools/ancientgreece/athens/index.shtml

    a) What does citizenship mean, and who could be a citizen?

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 23

  • b) Were the lives of men and women different?

    c) What was it like living as a slave?

    Then, complete your information. Using other websites. Compare your answers with your classmates.

    2.1.2 FILL IN THE BLANKS OF THIS SOCIAL PYRAMID IN ANCIENT GREECE.

    2.1.3- COMPLETING A CHART

    Complete the following chart with a tick (v) for yes, a cross(x) for no or a question mark (?) for I dont know.

    Citizens Foreigners Slaves Women Took part in politics Paid taxes Had rights Were free Worked in trade and crafts Worked at home Could own land Could go to public shows

    2.2 CLASS WORK

    Divide the class into four social groups. One student of each group is going to be a journalist who is going to interview the other students.Use these clues to ask the questions:

    GreekSociety

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 24

  • 3-Post-task: Write a short essay (eight/ten lines) about A day in the life of . ( a member of one social group).You can use these clues:

    FOURTH SESSION:

    1-PRETASK LEARN SOME VOCABULARY

    1.1. READ AND MATCH THE WORDS ABOVE WITH THE DEFINITIONS.

    1.Itisacollaborativeformoffineartthatusesliveperformerstopresenttheexperienceofarealorimaginedeventbeforealiveaudienceinaspecificplace.2.Itisaspecificmethodofconstruction. 3.Itisoneoftheordersofclassicalarchitecture.ItsoriginisVIcenturyBC.4Itisanornamentalmouldingroundthewallofaroomjustbelowtheceiling5Itisalong,narrowpartorsectionformingthehandleofatoolorclub,thebodyofaspearorarrow,orsimilar6Itisabuildingdevotedtotheworshipofagodorgods.7Itisthelowestpartofsomething,especiallythepartonwhichitrestsorissupported.

    Whatislike?Whydidyou.?Whatdoes.mean?Haveyougot.?

    Howoftendoyou..?Istheresomethingyou?Wouldyoumind?Couldyou?

    Haveyouever.?Well,Iwouldsaythat.Idontmind.Ithinkso.Nevermind.Actually,infact..

    Ihopeso.Itseemsso.Notatall.Tostartwith..Idon`tthinkso.Idontknow.IdoubtwhetherIornot.

    FirstofallTostartwithInthebeginning.FirstlyWhenIAssoonas..

    Inthemorning,AtnoonIntheafternoon,.Intheevening..Atlunchtime..

    Then..Later.After.Afterwards,Sometimelater..SecondlyThirdly.

    Finally,Eventually,Toconclude..Attheendoftheday..Atnight.

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 25

  • 1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 26

    8.ItisoneoftheordersofHellenisticarchitecture.IthasgotAcanthusleaves.9Itisatypicallybroadersectionattheheadofapillarorcolumn10Itisthetriangularupperpartofthefrontofaclassicalbuilding,typicallysurmountingaportico.11ItistherearroomofanancientGreektempleortheinnershrine.12Itistheinnerareaofanancienttemple.13Itisavestibuleatthefrontofaclassicaltemple,enclosedbyaporticoandprojectingsidewalls.14Itisanathleticorsportsgroundwithtiersofseatsforspectators.15.ItisastyleofancientGreekarchitecture.16TheyareusedbytheclassicalGreeksintheIonicorder.

    2-Task:

    1.2.Brainstorm

    Whydoyouthinktherearedifferentorders? WhydidtheGreekdecidetomakethecolumns

    L

    DI

    C

    SWriteineacharrowthecorrectwordfromthecloudabove.

    Whichorderdothesestatementsreferto?1Thiscolumnisdecoratedwithnaturemotifs2Thiscolumnhasnobase.3TheshaftisshorterthantheIoniccolumn4Thiscolumnhasscrollsatthetop.5Thisstyleisthesimplest.6Theshaftisthinnerthantheothers.7Thecapitalissmooth.

  • 2.1- FILL IN THE BLANKS IN THE TEXT AND IN THE PICTURE.

    Canonical Greek ______ maintained the same basic structure for many centuries. The Greeks used a limited number of spatial _________, influencing the plan, and of architectural __________, determining the elevation.

    The central cult structure of the _______, the naos, can be separated in several ________. Usually, the main room, the cella, contained a cult statue of the respective deity. In ________ temples, a separate room, the so-called adyton was sometimes included in the _______ for this purpose. In Sicily, this habit continued into the ________ period.

    At the ______ ___the cella, there is a porch, the pronaos, ______ by the protruding side walls of the cella , and two ________ placed between them. A similar _______ at the back of the cella is called the opisthodomos. There is no door connecting the _______ with the cella; its _________ is needed entirely due to aesthetic considerations: to maintain the consistency of the peripteral temple and to ensure its viewability from all sides, the ________ of the front has to be repeated at the back.

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 27

  • 24

    2.2- LETS PLAY THE GAME WHO IS WHO.

    EachGodorGoddesssymbolizessomething,forexampleUranusistheGodoftheSky.Inthepictureabove,youcanseetheimagesofthesymbolsforeachGod.Inthechartbelow,youhavethewordsforeachsymbol.Ingroupsofthree,matchthesymbolswiththeappropriateGodandexplainwhy.Then,shareyourideaswiththewholeclass.Usethesestructurestohelpyou:

    Family|Agriculture,Hearth,Thunder,Sea,Underworld,Wine,Trade,Beauty,Fire,Hunting,theArts,Wisdom

    istheGodoftheartsbecauseitsimagehasa|Wethinkthissymbolis.

    wearesurethat.

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 28

  • 2.3- FIND THE DIFFERENCES OF THE THREE STATUES; YOU CAN USE THE GIVEN CLUES. FINALLY, YOU HAVE TO WRITE THE ANSWER.

    3- POS-TASK:

    Jigsaw reading worksheet

    The class will be divided into groups of five. Each student will have a different information sheet. You must read your part of the information sheet and work with your group members in order to fill in the boxes in the answer sheet.

    Usethispattern:

    Thissculptureis________anditrepresents_______________itsmainfeaturesare______________because____________________,soitisfrom_______________period.

    Nowusethisvocabularyofalltheperiods.

    Eternallyyoung,bigeyes,postureisforced,forcedsmile,littleimpressionofmovement,nomovement,geometricalmotifs,expressfeelings,sereneexpression,withoutexpression,tragic..

    Archaic,Kuro Classical,Apoxiomen Hellenistic,Laocoon

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 29

  • 1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 30

    26

    Group1ThetermAncientcomedyreferstothoseplaysperformedinAthensinthe5thcenturyBC.Only11playswrittenbyAristophanessuchasPlutoremaincomplete.Thesearethepartsofacomedy:a) Prlogosortheprologue:Anexpositivescenewhichopenstheplay,beforethe

    entranceofthechorus.b) parodos:ortheentranceofthechorusscenewherethechorusenterandisintroduced

    totheaudience.c) Agonorthedebate:Twoopponentsdiscussforandagainstthemainthemeofthe

    play.Thefirsttospeakisusuallytheloser.d) parbasisortheforwardparade:Afterthedebate,allthecharactersleavethestage,

    thechorusmoveforwardandthecorifeotalkstotheaudience.e) epeisdiaortheepisodes:theplaygoesonwithsomeepisodes,separatedbyseveral

    briefsingingsofthechorusabouttheconclusionreachedbytheAgon.f) xodosorthefinalscene:thehappiestsceneintheplaywhichleadstoaweddingora

    ceremony.Theplaycanalsofinishbyacrdaxorritualdance.

    Theactorswerefourorfive,allmale,andthereweresometimessecondaryplayers.Thechorus,themostimportantintheplay,wasmadeupof24members,allmaletoo.

    Group2ThetermTragedyrelatestothefallofaveryimportantcharacteranddatesalsofromthe5thcentury.AlthoughitresemblestheGreekepic,thetragedydevelopstotallynewmeaningsofthemyth.Thisgetsintotheaction,andthecharactersactalmostinanindependentway,eachhasitsownpsychologicaldimension.ThemostwellknownauthorswereSfocles,Eurpedes.Thestructureofatragedyisquiterigid:

    a) TheprlogoorthepartbeforetheentranceofthechorusaccordingtoAristotle.Thetimeandthepastoftheheroaretoldtotheaudience,byatleastthreeactors.Oneofthemtalksaboutthehero`spunishmentinamonologue.

    b) Theprodosorthesingingofthechorus.Theyenterthestagefromtheleftpartororchestraandperformaverymusicallyricsinging.

    c) Theepisodiosorthedialoguesamongthecharactersandthechorus,theyareaboutfiveanddramaticallyexpressthecharacter`sthoughtandideas.Thechorussingsoutthepolitical,religious,philosophicalormoralideasoftheauthorintheestsimos.

    d) Thexodoorthefinalpart.Theherorecognizeshismistake,thesingingisbothlyricanddramatic.HissentencetodeathbytheGodsisusuallythemoralteachingoftheplay.

  • 1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 3127

    Group3

    Theepicisaliterarygenreanddoesn`tbelongtoacertainhistoricalperiod.TherearewellknownGreekepicssuchasLaOdiseaTheauthorpresentsthelegendaryandimaginativefactsinanobjectiveway,tryingtomakethemlookrealandtrue.Theepicisusuallynarrative,althoughwecanfinddescriptionanddialogueaswell.Inmostcases,ithasn`tgotawrittenversionasitisusuallytoldorallybytherapsoda.

    These are the main characteristics of an epic. It:

    1. Beginsinmediasres,withastatementofthethemeinformofaninvocationtoamuse.2. Islocatedallaroundtheworldortheuniverse,theheroesrepresentthevaluesofthehuman

    civilizationandtheGodsinterfereinhumanaffairs.3. Usesepithetsandlonglists(epiccatalogue).Thespeechesarebothlongandformal.

    The hero generally participates in a cyclical journey or quest, fights against adversaries and returns home significantly transformed. The epic hero illustrates and exemplifies the most valued morals in Society.

    Group4SocratesisoneofthemostinfluentialandwellknownoftheGreekphilosophers.HewasborninAthensintheyear470AC.Infact,HeistheverybeginnerofthePhilosophyastheSciencewhichsearchestheinteriorofthehumanbeing.Hismethodisdialectical:questionsandanswersthatarenewquestions.Helikesstartingdialoguesandansweringquestionsbymakinganewquestionagain.Hisdialoguestrytofindtheuniversaldefinitionofathingbymeansofconceptsandinapracticalway.Ifyouknowsomething,itmusthelpyoutolivewiththemosttruthfulvalues.HeisthemasterofPlatoandthroughhim,HeinfluencedAristotle.

    Group5

    TheWordHistoryderivesfromtheGreekwordforInvestigationorinformation,theknowledgegotbyinvestigating.HerodotuswroteabouttheGreekwars.HisworksaretypesofdocumentalsourceswhichareconsideredthefirstHistoryinthe5thcenturyBC,tryingtomakepeoplethinkaboutthefactthatthehumanactionsandthegreatfactsmustberememberedforever.

    TowriteHistory,youshouldgivethefacts,andansweringtheWhquestions,who,what,where,whenandwhy.TowriteHistoryistoinvestigatefactsandofferotherstheinformationascompleteaspossible.

  • 28

    Answer sheet:

    Now complete the following chart:

    Dateorhistoricperiod

    Mainfeatures,structure

    Names,examples,relevantinformation.

    Comedy

    Tragedy

    Epic

    Socrates

    TheHistory

    PROJECT

    Thestudentswillresearchaboutthe

    EmpireofAlexandertheGreat,usingthefollowingwebs

    Theclasswillbedividedin5groups,astheonesinthefinalsession.

    Firstofall,eachgroupwillmakeahugeposterwiththefollowinginformationorheadings:

    Inordertoperforminfrontoftheclass,eachgroupwillwearsomemasquesandexposeitsworkaccordingtothegrouprepresented,likeacomedy,atragedy,anepic,aSocrates`dialogueoraHerodotusHistory.

    http://tinyurl.com/cps9rbahttp://tinyurl.com/27glp9http://tinyurl.com/c72n7cr(map)http://tinyurl.com/bmrh3se(Cosmopolis)

    1. Chronology2. Map3. TypeofGovernment4. Monuments5. Biography6. Diversityofpopulation.(Cosmopolis)

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 32

  • ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET. Reflecting on what you have learned. Read the following statements about skills and knowledge. Please, circle one of these options: YES NO NOT YET. I CAN

    Organize vocabulary into categories YES NO NOT YET

    Predict the topic listening to a reader

    YES NO NOT YET

    Take notes from a listening exercise

    YES NO NOT YET

    Get valuable information from a picture YES NO NOT YET

    Describe images and pictures

    YES NO NOT YET

    Build a timeline

    YES NO NOT YET

    Discuss in a group to make decisions YES NO NOT YET

    Make different types of question to get information

    YES NO NOT YET

    Write a short biography

    YES NO NOT YET

    Reflect on how I learn YES NO NOT YET

    I KNOW

    Periods in Greek history

    YES NO NOT YET

    Some facts about Greek society

    YES NO NOT YET

    Basic ideas about daily life in Greece YES NO NOT YET

    The importance of the Assemblies in Greek politics

    YES NO NOT YET

    The role of King in Greek Government

    YES NO NOT YET

    Basic idea of the Greek sculpture

    YES NO NOT YET

    The difference between Athens and Sparta

    YES NO NOT YET

    1 de ESO: Ancient Greece 33